Anemia or Anaemia symptoms
– A condition in which the blood does not contain enough hemoglobin, the compound that carries oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body
– A condition in which the level of red blood cells is less than usual or where the haemoglobin is less, making it more difficult for the blood to carry oxygen. The symptoms are tiredness and pale colour, especially pale lips, nails and the inside of the eyelids. The condition can be fatal if not treated.
– Condition in which the number of red blood cells or hemoglobin (oxygen carrying substance in blood) are inadequate.
Anemia, aplastic — Serious disease characterized by decreased bone marrow production of all blood cells. Symptoms may include paleness, weakness, frequent infection, spontaneous bleeding from the nose, mouth, gums, vagina, rectum, brain and other sites, unexplained bruising, and ulcers in the mouth, throat or rectum. May be caused by disease in the bone marrow or destruction of the bone marrow by exposure to certain chemicals, anticancer drugs, immunosuppressive drugs or antibiotics. Cause is sometimes unknown. Curable if cause can be identified and treated successfully. If response to treatment is poor, complications of uncontrollable infections and bleeding may be fatal.
Anemia, autoimmune hemolytic — Anemia due to the breakdown of an individual’s blood cells by his own serum. Exact cause is unknown and still under investigation.
Anemia, chronic hemolytic — Anemia caused by an inherited disorder, such as hereditary spherocytosis, G-6-PD deficiency, sickle cell anemia or thalassemia. Currently no cure is known.
Anemia, diserythropoietic — Any anemia caused by a disorder that diminishes the body’s normal ability to produce red blood cells.
Anemia, hemolytic — Anemia due to the premature destruction of mature red blood cells. Bone marrow cannot produce red blood cells fast enough to compensate for those being destroyed.
Anemia, hypochromic — Any of a large group of anemias characterized by a decreased concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells. See Red cell indices.
Anemia, hypoplastic — Anemia characterized by decreased bone marrow production of red blood cells.
Anemia, idiopathic acquired hemolytic — Anemia characterized by a shortened lifespan of red blood cells. Cause is unknown, but it is not hereditary.
Anemia, iron deficiency — Decreased number of circulating red blood cells or insufficient hemoglobin in the cells. Caused by inadequate supplies of iron.
Anemia, macrocytic — Blood disorder characterized by abnormal presence of large, fragile red blood cells. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) are increased.
Anemia, megalobastic (Folic acid deficiency) — Anemia caused by folic acid deficiency. Often accompanied by iron deficiency anemia.
Anemia, microcytic — Any anemia characterized by abnormally small red blood cells, usually associated with chronic blood loss or nutritional anemia, such as iron deficiency anemia.
Anemia, non-spherocytic hemolytic — Inherited disorder of red blood cells in which shortened red cell survival is associated with membrane defects, unstable hemoglobins and intracellular defects.
Anemia, pernicious — Anemia caused by inadequate absorption of vitamin B12.
Anemia, pyridoxine-responsive — Decreased red blood cells in circulation, which increase to normal with pyridoxine treatment.
Anemia, sickle cell — Severe, incurable anemia that occurs in people who have an abnormal form of hemoglobin in their blood cells. It is an inherited disease.
Anemia, sideroblastic–A special type of anemia in which the bone marrow deposits iron prematurely into red blood cells. These cells do not transport oxygen to the body as efficiently as normal cells. Anencephaly — Absence of the brain.